Informing and persuading are two different things. When It comes to Informative speaking the goal is to educate, make the person or audience understand how something works, an event or explaining a concept using facts.
It isn’t trying to advocate a cause. Speaking to persuade is the process of creating, reinforcing, or changing people’s beliefs or actions while using opinion. Informing and persuading speaking are used in everyday situations but it’s important to know the differences between the two, the factors that make them distinct from one another.There are any types of Informative speeches such as speeches about processes, about events, concepts, but they all use the effective method of analyzing and organizing informative speeches. When it comes to informing about an object it’s always better to focus on one aspect of your subject. If the object is a car then it’s better to narrow it down by only talking about the engine so that the audience can stay on topic and not be overwhelmed by the million other parts of the car you might want to talk about.
It’s good to limit the speech to have between two-five mall points, making ere to devote enough time and information to each main point.
Choosing a topic and specific purpose, analyzing the audience, gathering materials, choosing supporting details, organizing the speech and using words to communicate meaning must be done to have a successful informative speech. Speeches about a process focus on the major principles or techniques involved in performing the process. The speech needs to be organized In a topical order; each step In the process needs to be clear and easy to follow. Once again three mall points are easier to follow and understand than 10 main points. Speeches about events are to recount the history of an event.The organization in these types of speeches needs to be in a chronological order, relating the incidents one after another in the order they occurred. Other ways to talk about an event besides telling what happened is by taking the event in a different angle, implication, future development or any other way.
The subject Just needs to stay logical and consistent. Speeches about concepts Include beliefs, theories, Ideas, principles, things of that sort. They are more abstract than objects, processes or events. These types of speeches are also done in a topical order and it takes a more complex approach to define the concept you’re dealing with.Identifying its major elements, illustrating it with specific examples, speeches about concepts are often more complex than other kinds of informative speeches. As opposed to informing when you speak to persuade you act as an advocate. When people listen they look for credibility, supporting materials, language, reasoning and emotional appeals.
It is much harder to persuade than to inform, when persuading you’re touching on your listeners’ values and beliefs. In the end no matter how interesting, structured and supported your speech and delivery was, some listeners will not agree with you.A persuasive speech will be more effective if the speaker delivers the message sincerely, has a clear goal, and adapts It to the target audience. Concentrating on a target audience Is decline which portion of the audience you tailor your speech to fit their values and concerns. Typically there are three types of persuasive speech, questions of facts, questions of value and questions of policy. Persuasive speeches on questions of facts are usually organized topically and occasionally arranged spatially. A question of fact is a question about the truth or falsity of an assertion.
The speaker’s purpose is limited to persuading the audience to accept a particular view of the facts. A persuasive speech on question of value is trying to Justify your claim, a question about the worth, rightness, morality, and so forth of an idea of action. It’s important to give special thought to the standards for your value of Judgment. The organizations of these speeches are usually topical, the first main point is to establish the standards for your value Judgment and the second main point is to apply the standards to the subject of the speech.Persuasive speeches on question of policy deal with specific courses of action, they involve questions of fact. Questions of policy always go beyond questions of fact or value to decide whether something should or should not be done. There are two types of speeches on question of policy.
The first is speech to gain passive agreement. It’s trying to get your audience to agree with you that a certain policy is desirable. The second is speech to gain immediate action. In this type of speech you want to deviate your listeners to take action and not Just nod their heads in agreement.The organization of speeches on question of policy should fall into either a problem- solution order or a problem-cause-solution order. The main goal is to use ethical sound and methods to persuade your audience. In some ways a persuasive speech is similar to an informative speech but the two kinds of speeches take place in different kinds of situations and for different purposes.
In the end they are both very good skills to have whether speaking to an audience or a friend, it gives the information we want to say structure and meaningful purpose.