Die Preforming Process: Long Last-stage Blade Nuclear Power

Design and Optimization of Perish Preforming Preparation peaceraint Covet Last-stage Blade of Nuclear Susceptibility

He Xiaomao1,a,Jiang Peng1, Lin Jingtang2,Huang Jianning1

1 Beijing Mechanical and Electrical Institute of Technology,Beijing,China

2 Tian Qian Heavy Industry Company, Ltd, Mianzhu, SiChuan, China

Abstract: The covet last-stage blade is a clew element of the steam turbine of nuclear usual island. The perish preforming preparation peaceraint a odd technology that prepares billets peaceraint near-net-shape flatten-forging preparation was prepared, the property of the peaceraintging region, grating coefficient, sparkle place’s elevation and perish’s quenchedward coronet radius on the perish peaceraintging peaceraintce and peaceraintging vital-vehemence were thought-quenched by using the orthogonal test system, the elementary and subordinate regulate of the filthy elements were analysed by using enjoin resolution system, and the optimal association of the elements was geted. By media of numerical mannerism and substantial test, the perish preforming preparation that can prepare fitted billets peaceraint the succeeding flatten-forging preparation was attested, and the PZS1120f electric pain throng can confront the requirements of the perish preforming preparation.

1 Preface

The covet last-stage blade is the clew element of the steam turbine of the nuclear susceptibility usual island. The capaciousr the fatiguing area of the last-stage blade of the LP cylinder is, the excellent the potentiality of the nuclear susceptibility ace is and the rectify the preparation is [1]. Harbin Steam Turbine Elementy had successfully plain a 72-inch (1829mm) half-accelerate nuclear susceptibility turbine blade [2], Shanghai Electric had so plain a 67-inch (1710mm) nuclear susceptibility blade [3], the bud of these covet blades effectively improves the potentiality of nuclear susceptibility ace, belaterality it’s so a dare to construction these covet last-stage blades. At exhibit, the technology of preforming and overall peaceraintging was chiefly adopted by the domiciliary and peacerainteign blade constructionrs [4, 5]. The radial peaceraintging and the open-perish peaceraintging was adopted respectively by the peacerainteign and domiciliary blade constructionrs as bleaking preparation, and then, the overall perish peaceraintging preparation was adopted to peaceraintm the blades. Due to the capacious area of these blades, the power of the blade constructionrs’ peaceraintging equipment canreferable confront to the required peaceraintging peaceraintce of supple the blades and the peaceraintged blades had got some defects, such as underpressing, underfill and overweight. The perish preforming preparation that prepares billets peaceraint a odd near-net peaceraintming preparation peaceraint nuclear last-stage blades was projected, the odd preparation, which uses the flatten-forging preparation to peaceraintm the blade whole of the covet blades, the perish peaceraintging to peaceraintm the blade parent, consummate and damper, can effectively lessen the required peaceraintging peaceraintce. In this paper, the perish preforming technology of covet last-stage blade was prepared, the preparation parameters were optimized by the orthogonal test system and numerical mannerism, and the feasibility of the preparation was attested by substantial tests.

2Optimization of preparation parameters

The perish preforming preparation was carried quenched in the PZS1120f idea of electric pain throng, the trifling magnitude of the throng is 250,000 kN. According to the trifling magnitude, the maximal protuberance area of the peaceraintging billet was adapted. The peaceraintging peaceraintce is referable simply kindred to the esthetic and peaceraintging’s protuberance area, belaterality so kindred to the percolate scold, region, grating coefficient and perish make (elevation of the sparkle place and the quenchedward coronet radius of perishs). Bepurpose the percolate scold is kindred to the peaceraintming accelerateing of the throng, its appreciate is sturdy when the peaceraintging throng is selected. The peaceraintging region, the grating coefficient, the elevation of the sparkle place and the quenchedward coronet radius were selected as the preparation parameters to be optimized and the peaceraintging peaceraintce and peaceraintging vital-vehemence were selected as optimization extrinsics.

2.1 Perish preformed peaceraintging and perishs

3D pattern of a preformed peaceraintging was exhibitionn in Image 1, the peaceraintging pattern was adapted inveterate on the throng trifling magnitude and the peaceraintging artifice of the 72-inch blade, the ceethought preparation wasn’t continual here, it conquer be discussed in element in the cethcoming boundary. The perish’s make was exhibitionn in Image 2, it didn’t hold the corrugation of the sparkle, and the make was completely pure, simply the elevation of the sparkle place h and the quenchedward coronet radius r were considered as parameters.

Figure. 1 3D pattern of perish preformed peaceraintging Figure. 2 Perish Makes Figure. 3 Billet of the perish preforming

2.2 Razes and elements consultation of orthogonal test

Orthogonal test system can be used to consider the application of multiple elements on the optimization extrinsic by less enumerate of trials, to get the best association of elements peaceraint the optimal extrinsic appreciate. The peaceraintging peaceraintce and the peaceraintging vital-vehemence of the perish preforming are kindred to the peaceraintging region A (T), the grating coefficient B (μ), the elevation of sparkle place C (h) and the quenchedward coronet radius D (r). The filthy parameters were adopted as the orthogonal test elements, each element sok three razes, and the prepared elements and razes consultation were exhibitionn in Consultation 1.

Consultation 1. Elements and razes consultation of the orthogonal test.

Factor

Level

A

Forging region T/℃

B

Grating coefficient μ

C

elevation of sparkle place h/mm

D

outward coronet radius r/mm

1

1180

0.2

6

2

2

1150

0.3

8

3

3

1120

0.4

10

4

2.3 Parameter regulartings of numerical mannerism

The billets used in the perish preforming were manufactured in the semi-open denomination preparation in ref. [6]. The shapes and body were exhibitionn in Fig 3. The esthetic is 1Cr12Ni3Mo2VN, and the constitutive aspect of the esthetic was from ref. [7], in the Arrhenius peaceraintm and the hyperbolic sinusoidal was used.

(1)

The perish was patterned as a exact pattern with a preheat region of 200 ° C and a peaceraintming accelerate of 400 mm / s. The peaceraintging regions and the grating coefficients were regular according to Consultation 1.

2.4 Results oforthogonal experiment

Orthogonal tests were effected using the 3-raze and 4-element consultation L9 (34) [8], withquenched regarding the interaction unarranged the elements, the orthogonal tests of mannerism preparation and the upshots were exhibitionn in Consultation 2.

Table.2 orthogonal tests of mannerism preparation and the upshots。

NO.

Factor

Result

A

B

C

D

Forging Peaceraintce F

(kN)

Forging Vital-vehemence E

(kJ)

Forging region

Grating coefficient

Sparkle place elevation

Outward coronet radius

1

1

1

3

2

343000

5830

2

1

2

1

1

462000

6200

3

1

3

2

3

449000

6440

4

2

1

2

1

398000

6420

5

2

2

3

3

364000

6510

6

2

3

1

2

631000

7370

7

3

1

1

3

522000

7270

8

3

2

2

2

465000

7370

9

3

3

3

1

427000

7440

2.5 Enjoin resolution

The appreciate of Kjm was the unite of the upshot of the m element at j raze, and the media were represented by kjm, the appreciate of kjm can muse the optimal raze. Rm was the enjoin of the mth element, the appreciate of Rm museed the interruption enjoin of the optimal extrinsic when the m element hesitated, the bigger the Rm was, the eminenter the wave of the m element on the extrinsic was. The elementary and subordinate regulate of the elements can be judged according to the enjoin. The upshots of the enjoin resolution of the peaceraintging peaceraintce F and the peaceraintging vital-vehemence E were exhibitionn in Consultation 3.

Table.3 Enjoin resolution of the peaceraintging peaceraintce F and the peaceraintging vital-vehemence E。

Result

Factor

A

B

C

D

Forging Peaceraintce F

(kN)

K1m

12540000

1263000

1615000

1287000

K2m

13930000

1291000

1312000

1439000

K3m

14140000

1507000

1134000

1335000

k1m

4180000

421000

538333.3

429000

k2m

464333.3

430333.3

437333.3

479666.7

k3m

471333.3

502333.3

378000

445000

Rm

53333.3

81333.3

160333.3

50666.7

Order

C>B>A>D

Forging Vital-vehemence E

(kJ)

K1m

18470

19520

20840

20060

K2m

20300

20080

20230

20570

K3m

22080

21250

19780

20220

k1m

6156.7

6506.7

6946.7

6686.7

k2m

6766.7

6693.3

6743.3

6856.7

k3m

7360

7083.3

6593.3

6740

Rm

1203.3

576.7

353.3

170

Order

A>B>C>D

According the enjoin of peaceraintging peaceraintce in Consultation 3, the regulate of avail that the elements waves the peaceraintging peaceraintce were the elevation of sparkle place C, the coefficient of grating B, the peaceraintging region A, the quenchedward coronet radius D. According to the enjoin resolution, the optimal association to get the portioiality peaceraintging peaceraintce was (C3B1A1D1). The aspectships unarranged the peaceraintging peaceraintce and the elements were exhibitionn in Image 4, peaceraintging peaceraintce decreased with increasing region, with decreasing of grating coefficient, and with increasing of the sparkle place’s elevation; the aspectship unarranged peaceraintging peaceraintce and the quenchedward coronet radius didn’t exhibition momentous curve of increasing or decreasing, belaterality the enjoin was the meanest unarranged the filthy elements.

Figure. 4 Aspectships unarranged the peaceraintging peaceraintce and elements

According the enjoin of peaceraintging peaceraintce in Consultation 3, the regulate of avail that the elements waves the peaceraintging vital-vehemence were peaceraintging region A, grating coefficient B, elevation of sparkle place C, quenchedward coronet radius D. Negative the peaceraintging region can purpose some interruptions of the enjoin of peaceraintging vital-force, the property of other elements on the peaceraintging vital-force’s interruption were completely fine, bepurpose the heating region made the transition of crystal atoms further abundantly, macroscopically involved that the metal was further abundantly unsightly, and the region increasing weakened the third-phase portioicles on pinning the demolition change-of-place, the required deformation vital-vehemence was fineer; And the peace elements didn’t accept property on the ultimate alibi and demolition change-of-place, and the macro conduct was that the peaceraintging vital-vehemence didn’t hesitate evidently.

3 Numerical mannerism analyses

According to the optimizing upshot of the orthogonal test, the parameters were: peaceraintging region was 1180 ℃, grating coefficient was 0.2, sparkle place’s elevation was 10mm, and quenchedward coronet radius was 3mm, and the other parameters were selfselfsame as orthogonal test. The mannerism upshots were exhibitionn as follows:

Figure.5 Aspectship unarranged pat and peaceraintging peaceraintce and vital-force

As exhibitionn in image 5, the predicated peaceraintging peaceraintce was 304000 kN and the peaceraintging vital-vehemence was 5680 kJ by using the optimal plan. Compared with the upshot of orthogonal test, it was plant that the appreciate fictitious by the optimal element and raze association was the meanest single.

Even if the optimal plan was utilized, the peaceraintging peaceraintce of 304,000 kN was eminent than the trifling magnitude 250,000 kN of PZS1120f electric pain throng. In the feed evolution, there would be some issues, such as the conspicuous and inferior perish canreferable be clamped, the peaceraintging would be underpressing and underfill. However, in regulate to determine that peaceraintged billet has ample width and a established elongation, to minimize the deformation acovet the width control during the flatten peaceraintging march, a scant underpressing in the elevation control would be known. The plight of perish smoothness supply opportunity the peaceraintging peaceraintce was 207000kN was exhibitionn in Image 6, negative the consummate portio of the quenchedlet laterality, the peace of the billet was approximately industrious, and the appreciate of underpressing of the perishs was 2.7mm, this underpressing appreciate would referable accept so abundant application on the flatten-forging of the blade.

Figure.6 Plight of perish smoothness supply opportunity the peaceraintging peaceraintce was 207000kN

The conclude that purpose the quenchedlet laterality of the consummate was referable industrious was the billet deflected to the opening laterality at the opening of the peaceraintging (as exhibitionn in Fig. 7), upshoting in a shortage of esthetic on the quenchedlet laterality and the sparkle at opening laterality was so capacious (Image 6).

4Perish preforming test

Image 8a were the conspicuous and inferior perish used peaceraint the perish preforming test, and Image 8b is the bleak, which was the peaceraintging in the denomination test. Heating region was 1180 ℃, perish preheating region was 200 ℃, smooth by graphite emulsion lubricant, and span bleaks were peaceraintged in this test.

The instituted peaceraintce was regular to the trifling magnitude of PZS1120f electric pain throng, during the peaceraintging preparation, the highest breath was to fix the bleak’s position and to dislodge the layer, and then, the bleak was peaceraintged by the present span breaths. The definite peaceraintging peaceraintces of the span peaceraintged portios were measured to be 223460 kN and 213690 kN respectively. The perish preforming peaceraintgings were exhibitionn in Image 9, span peaceraintgings had varying degrees of underpressing and underfill, the underfill of the consummate portio at the quenchedlet laterality was further important, and the sparkle at the opening laterality was abundant capacious. With numerical mannerism upshots, it can be sturdy that the conclude of these defects was the bleak’s curvity to the opening laterality; some measures should be enslaved to bar the bleak curvity in the feed evolution.

The sparkle place’s elevations of the span peaceraintgings were measured to be 12.9mm and 12.8mm, the appreciates of underpressing were 2.9mm and 2.8mm, bepurpose the peaceraintging peaceraintce had reached the utmost magnitude of the throng, it’s obdurate to clamping the conspicuous and inferior perish by increasing the enumerate of breaths, and it would mischief the throng and perishs. These defects can simply be solved by the succeeding flatten-forging preparation.

a) Conspicuous and inferior perishs b) denomination billets

Figure.8 Perishs and billets of the perish preforming test Figure.9 Perish preforming peaceraintgings

The feasibility of the perish preforming preparation was attested by the test, and the PZS1120f electric pain throng can basically confront the requirements of perish preforming preparation, and the fitted billets can be prepared peaceraint the succeeding near-net-shape flatten-forging preparation.

5 Conclusions

Through the orthogonal test optimization, numerical mannerism and substantial test, the forthcoming conclusions can be drawn:

1) Unarranged the filthy elements: Peaceraintging region A, grating coefficient B, sparkle place’s elevation C and the quenchedward coronet radius D, the source element that applications on peaceraintging peaceraintce was the sparkle place’s elevation, and the peaceraintging region had some property on the peaceraintging vital-force, the optimal element and raze association was C3A1B1D1.

2) The fitted billets peaceraintmed by perish preforming preparation can be prepared peaceraint the succeeding near-net-shape flatten-forging preparation and the PZS1120f electric pain throng basically confronts the requirements of the preparation.

3) The billet was deflected during the peaceraintging preparation, upshoting in the underfill of the consummate portio at the quenchedlet laterality, some measurements should be enslaved to bar the curvity in the feed evolution.

References

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