Components of Second Language Knowledge Components of second language knowledge are divided into three: vocabulary, morphology and phonology. It is necessary deepen in these elements because sometimes even the most highly educated adult native speakers do not have all the knowledge about language, and expect LA learners have it would be unrealistic. Vocabulary is the most important level of LA knowledge for learners to develop.
We must remember that vocabulary Is the key to communication. He moment when It Is more difficult to communicate Is when you do not know the proper vocabulary.There are many words that are used frequently, and each learner needs to know, but despite that, the LA learner’s vocabulary depends primarily on whether It will focus on academic or Interpersonal functions. LA leering at the level of morphology can be very Important for vocabulary development as well as for cleaving grammatical accuracy. This level Is highly gallants for learning English, for example, they realized that thousands of words are formed by compounding smaller words, or by adding prefixes and suffixes that can create new meaning or change part of speech.
The proficiency in Phonology is required. Intelligible pronunciation are essential for successful spoken communication, but a significant degree of foreign accent is acceptable in most situations ad long as it is within the bounds of intelligibly.
Native or near-native pronunciation is usually needed only when learners want to identify socially with the LA language community for affective purposes, or when their communicative goals require such identification for hearers. We can see that these elements are necessary for a better fluency in the second language, and LA learners can acquire them unconsciously.