Due date: 11:45pm AEST, Friday, Week 10 ASSESSMENT
Weighting: 40% 1
This assessment task requires you to demonstrate your knowledge of basic routing concepts by completing a number of exercise questions. The questions contain various numerical as well as descriptive questions covering the material from Weeks 1 to 9. Question #4 requires you to research further and then demonstrate knowledge of advanced concepts.
Completing these questions should help you to achieve the unit learning outcomes as listed in the unit profile.
You must do this assignment on your own – it is not a group assignment.
Type all your answers in the ‘Template for Your Answers’ Section of this document and upload only that template. You could do that by copying the Template section into a new Word document for uploading. Answers that are not typed into the “Template for Your Answers” section may not be marked, or may be returned to you for re-typing and re-submission – late penalties will apply.
You must show the steps you took to arrive at your answers. Write your answers in your own words to avoid potential plagiarism and copyright violations.
You must submit the template section as a Word file (.doc or .docx).
Plagiarism Procedures can be found in the CQUniversity Policies section of the Unit Profile.
Assessment Requirements and Marking Criteria
There are 4 main questions with some sub-questions and the requirements are stated for each one. You must answer all 4 questions and their sub-questions. Marks are indicated in the Answer Template.
The questions will be marked on correctness, clarity, and addressing all parts of the question.
The Assignment Questions begin on the next page.
Question 1 – Routing table construction (10 marks)
Given the following network, construct the routing table for routers R2 and R3.
Question 2– Allocating subnets from a block (6 marks)
You are the Network Administrator for a startup company that has been granted a new block of addresses starting with the address 22.214.171.124/22.
a) Calculate the total number of addresses available in this block including all the special addresses. Show your calculation (1 mark)
b) As Network Administrator, you need to distribute the available addresses on a departmental needs basis (meaning not allocating more than you have to), with 4 new subnets determined as follows:
Marketing needs 65 addresses
Accounting needs 100 addresses
Head Office needs 33 addresses and,
Customer Services needs 13 addresses.
Create the 4 subnets. For each subnet, list the subnet or first address, the last address, and the subnet mask in CIDR format. Show your calculations for all subnets, briefly showing how you arrived at the sub-block addresses. (4 marks or 1 mark for each correct subnet)
c) How many addresses are left unallocated? Show your calculation. (1 mark)
Question 3 – Fragmentation (4 marks)
An IP datagram 5,600 bytes long (including header with no options) arrives at a router, which determines that the next destination has an MTU of 1,500 bytes. Answer the following questions, showing your calculations and reasoning.
a) Assuming that the router decides to fragment the packet into 4 fragments, for each fragment, determine a correct size, and identify the starting byte and ending byte (2.5 marks).
b) Calculate the fragmentation offset for each fragment (1 mark).
c) The total number of bytes from all 4 fragments leaving the router should be greater than the initial datagram size that arrived. Explain why this is so (.5 mark).
Hints: Working out part (a) can be a fiddly (messy) exercise and you may find it helpful to use a spreadsheet to work out appropriate sizes and offsets. Remember that the offset needs to be evenly divisible by 8, as explained in the textbook. You may need to do additional reading to understand the process if it is unclear to you – Forouzan is a good place to start.
Question 4: Advanced routing study (15 marks)
Research and review appropriate materials, including the textbook, and answer the first two questions (a & b).
a) Define the terms and discuss the relationship between Autonomous Systems, Inter-domain routing, and Intra-domain routing (2 marks).
b) Identify the major routing protocols associated with Inter-domain and Intra-domain routing and list their similarities and differences (1.5 marks). Finish by commenting on why we need different protocols for Inter-domain and Intra-domain routing (1.5 marks).
Study the two articles listed below – both are freely available on the Internet. You may use other references in addition to these, as needed. Then answer the remaining 3 questions (c, d & e).
c) Briefly summarize in your own words the problems with current routing methods that the authors have identified. (5 marks)
d) Contrast and compare the concepts of embedded routing and extensible routing. (2.5 marks)
e) How does the proposal of Routing As A Service (RAAS or just RAS) address the problems with current routing methods? (2.5 marks)
Referencing: List all references and use proper in-text citation using the Harvard referencing convention. Remember that diagrams also need to be cited. Marks will be deducted on a per-question basis for not adhering to referencing standards.
The two articles for questions 3 – 5 (both articles have the same title):
Routing as a Service by K.Lakshminarayanan et al
Routing as a Service by K.Lakshminarayanan, Stoica, and Shenker
Question 5 starts on the next page.
Question 5 – IPv6 Packets (5 marks)
An IPv6 packet travelling within an Autonomous System, consists of a base header, extension headers, a TCP segment and data. The data is 128,000 bytes long (jumbo payload). The following diagram shows the packet:
Version Traffic class Flow label
Payload length Next header Hop limit
Hop-by-hop ext hdr
Source port address Destination port address
HLEN Reserved Control Window size
Checksum Urgent pointer
128000 bytes of data
Determine a correct or valid value for the following fields in the base header with a brief explanation of the value you selected. Note: the brief explanation is half the marks.
• Payload Length;
• Next Header;
• Hop limit:
• Source Address and Destination Address.
Do not type your answers here: type it in the Answers Template provided.
Suggested sources of information:
Forouzan (textbook) chapter 27
TEMPLATE FOR YOUR ANSWERS
Type your answers in this section in the spaces provided
First Name:_________________________ Last Name:____________________________
Student ID: __________________________
Question Number Mark
allocated Mark earned
Question 1: (10 marks)
Routing table of router R2:
Mask Network address Next-hop address Interface
Routing table of router R3:
Mask Network address Next-hop address Interface
10 (5 for each table)
Question 2: (6 marks)
b) Department Subnet address Last address Mask
Question 3: (4 mark)
Question 4: (15 marks)
b) Major routing protocols etc (1.5 marks)
Why inter-domain/intra-domain protocols etc (1.5 marks)
Question 5: (5 marks)
Place a value, with brief explanation, for (read question 5):
Note: source & destination address are worth 1 mark together 5 (for each value, .5 for valid value, .5 for explanation.
Total marks awarded 40 (max)
Less late penalties if applicable
Less plagiarism penalties if applicable
Total marks earned